What's new:

BernardEffective July 1, 2012, long time program participant and member of the Klorfasil Board of Directors Bernard Celestin will manage all Klorfasil business activities in Haiti.  As anyone who knows Bernard will tell you, he is a tireless worker and gifted diplomat who knows all the ins and outs of doing business in Haiti.  Bernard can be reached by phone at 509 3745 8090 or 509 3701 0517 or by Email at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .  Within the next few months, all storage and inventory of Klorfasil supplies and materiasl will be moved to Port au Prince so that Bernad can manange inventories and shipments with greater efficiency and speed.

   

   

   

Also New:

new bottle small

The Klorfasil dispenser bottle has undergone several recent changes.  First, we have switched to a new, smaller, one ounce bottle.  Second, we have redesigned the unique Klorfasil dosing valve so that it now dispenses 70 mg of granulated chlorine with an accuracy of <4mg per dose.  This new dosing regimen allows users with access to clear water to use less chlorine.  Users who have no choice but to drink cloudy water must be instructed to use two doses.  Lastly, the new dosing valves have no metal parts and they are much easier to assemble.

A single bottle of Klorfasil will treat 450 buckets of water (2,250 gallons or 8,517 liters) but weighs only 45 grams when full.  This means that a single person could carry 200 bottles weighing only 9 kilograms (less than 20 pounds) into remote areas that would difficult to reach carrying an equivelant quantity of liquid chlorine solution.

  

  

  

Introduction:  Point of use water quality intervention for developing countries

Approximately 1.1 billion people do not have access to an improved drinking water source. Most of these people have no choice but to drink water from unimproved sources such as rivers, lakes and streams. Water from these sources is often contaminated with viruses and bacteria such a E. coli. Drinking impure water results in an estimated 4 billion cases of diarrhea and 2.2 million deaths each year.

In Haiti, one child out of 8 will not live to see his or her 5th birthday. Approximately 25% of these children will die as a result of poor sanitation and/or diarrheal diseases resulting from impure drinking water.

Beginning in January of 1999, The Catholic Church of Saint Monica in Duluth, Georgia began an outreach program with a sister parish - Sacred Heart Church in Hinche, Haiti. In January of 2000, the first medical mission to Hinche was organized and it has been followed by many more missions over the past 8 years. Eventually these medical mission efforts were augmented by the construction and operation of a year round clinic staffed by Haitian doctors and nurses.

In the course of treating thousands of patients over the past nine years, it became apparent that the main health problems faced by persons visiting the clinic are: 1) insufficient nutrition and, 2) a lack of clean drinking water. To address these health problems, the Catholic Church of Saint Monica has instituted two programs: 1) a year round "soup kitchen" which is open five days each week and serves 100 to 150 people each day and, 2) a Safe Water Program to provide clean drinking water to the people of Hinche.

Household Water Treatment and Storage Systems:

Point of use water purification programs such as the Safe Water System as promulgated by the United States Centers for Disease Control use the simplest and least expensive technology available to provide drinkable water to the greatest number of people possible. The Safe Water System consists of three primary components:

  1. Storing water in the home, at the point of use, in plastic containers with a lid and a spigot to prevent recontamination.

  2. Treatment of water in the plastic containers using some form of chlorine.

  3. Social marketing, promotion and education to increase awareness of the link between contaminated water and disease, the benefits of safe water and hygiene behaviors, and the importance of the proper use of the water storage vessel and disinfectant.

For more information on the Safe Water System, please visit the CDC's website at http://www.cdc.gov/safewater/index.htm.

How the Klorfasil Safe Water System is Different:

Most Safe Water interventions in use throughout the world rely on the local manufacture and distribution of dilute liquid sodium hypochlorite (bleach). The Klorfasil System, on the other hand, uses a dry granulated form of chlorine to purify water at the point of use.

The technical name for the granulated chlorine product used in the Klorfasil System is 56% sodium dichloroisocyanurate dihydrate. This products is approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency for routine treatment of drinking water and is certified by the National Sanitation Foundation to ANSI standard 60 for this use. Advantages of this granulated chlorine product include:

  1. It is not hygroscopic and will remain free flowing in hot and humid tropical environments

  2. It is easy and inexpensive to transport because it is not a regulated hazardous material

  3. It has a long shelf life - it can be stored up to 5 years even in hot and humid tropical environments

  4. It is relatively inexpensive

  5. Its granular form and consistent grain size make it possible to dose accurately in small quantities

Dispensing Granulated Chlorine:

The use of granulated dichloroisocyanurate in a Safe Water System water intervention is possible as a result of the Klorfasil dispensing device. The trade name is a composite of two words: "Klor" for "chlorine" and "fasil" which is the Creole word for "easy". The Klorfasil dispensing device doses 70 mg of granulated dichloroisocyanurate with an accuracy of <4 mg (one standard deviation) per dose. This dose of granulated disinfectant is placed into 5 gallons (19 liters) of water in the user's home and produces a free chlorine concentration of 2 mg/L (2 ppm). This level of disinfection is sufficient to treat the clear water (<10 NTU).  Turbid (cloudy) water greater than 10 NTU such as that taken from a river, lake or stream should receive two doses.

The Klorfasil dispenser weighs 45 grams when full and holds 32 grams of granulated chlorine disinfectant. As such, a single bottle of Klorfasil contains enough disinfectant to dose 450 five gallon buckets (2,250 gallons total) of clear water or 1,125 gallons of turbid water. Because single five gallon bucket of water is normally sufficient to meet the drinking water needs of a family of five for one day, a single bottle of Klorfasil is able to purify drinking water for a family of 5 for 14 months (clear) or 7 months (cloudy).

The target selling price of a bottle of Klorfasil is $2.50 US. This means that a five person household in a developing country with access to clear water also have clean drinking water for an ongoing cost of about $2.00 per year. It is believed that this cost structure will allow for the development of a program that is scalable, economically viable and sustainable.

New users entering the program are asked to pay a fee of 100 Haitian gourdes (about $2.50 US). In exchange, they are provided with a new 5 gallon plastic bucket fitted with a tap and a lid, a bottle of Klorfasil disinfectant, a small sign identifying their household as a Klorfasil user, and a promotional calendar. The actual cost to provide these materials to new users is approximately $10.00 US, so the subsidized portion of bringing a new user into the system is approximately $7.50 US.

Once users enter the program, they are visited every three to four months by a Klorfasil technician who tests the water in the home. This one-on-one interaction and reinforces the importance of pure water for the family, especially for children under the age of five. The technician also monitors usage of the Klorfasil product and encourages mothers to use treated water for purposes other than drinking such as hand washing, brushing teeth, cooking, washing vegetables, etc.

  

Status of Programs:


As of January, 2012 the Klorfasil program has distributed 22,000 units Safe Water units.

This number of units is sufficient to provide clean drinking water to 110,000 people.

Klorfasil programs are currently operating in 10 communities, primarily in the central plateau region of Haiti:

Location
Sponsor
Hinche
St. Monica's, Duluth, GA
Bassin Zim St. Brendens, Alpharetta, GA
Thomassique Medical Missionaries, Manassas, VA
Miassade Save The Children
Cerca Carvajal Raskob Foundation Grant
Loscahobas Church of the Redeemer, Mechanicsville, VA
Jaquesyl Haiti Marycare, Danbury, CT 
Medor Queen of Peace, Arlington, VA
Los Palis St. Pius, Conyers, GA
Papeye MPP (roughly Peasant Movement Papeye)

  

Program Testing

Data on water testing and product usage is being collected on an ongoing basis to document the efficacy of the program.  Program technicians in Hinche report greater than 90%+ positive results for active chlorine in program participant households.

  

How to Learn More

For more information contact Klorfasil Program Director:

Jon Steele

Phone: 770-475-8199

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